Late summer and fall can be an excellent time to treat unwanted stands of woody plants.

Scattered stands of individual trees should either be treated individually using the basal bark method (for labeled plants less than four to six inches in diameter) or the cut stump treatment method. The basal bark and cut stump treatments will not be effective if the plants cannot be treated down to the soil line. Avoid conditions where water (or snow later in the season) prevents spraying to the ground line. Producers can treat smaller diameter susceptible woody plants individually this fall by spraying the basal stem parts with triclopyr plus diesel fuel. The lower 12-15 inches of the stems or trunks of susceptible small trees should be thoroughly wetted on all sides with a triclopyr-diesel mixture. Triclopyr goes by the tradenames Remedy Ultra and Pathfinder II. Remedy Ultra is a 4 lb./gallon product.

If the woody plant is greater than six inches in diameter, the best method is to:

• Cut it off at ground level.

• Treat the cut surface with triclopyr and diesel fuel within 30-60 minutes, before the sap seals over the exposed area.

• Spray the cambium and light-colored sapwood to insure translocation of the herbicide.

• Treat any exposed trunk or exposed roots.

— Ryan Flaming is a Kansas State Research and Extension Agent for Harvey County. Agriculture is his specialty. The Harvey County Extension Office can be contacted at 284-6930.