The Holy Land is approximately the size of the state of Connecticut and yet receives much, much media attention, a major reason being due to the Palestinian Arab/Israeli conflict over who should possess and rule this Land. 

 

Judaism had its beginning when the Patriarch Abraham with Sara, his wife, left Ur of the Chaldees in what is now Iraq and traveled along the Fertile Crescent with his relatives and herds of livestock into the land of Palestine, a distance of approximately 700 miles. They were nomads and settled near what is now Nablus, formerly named ancient Samaria. The Jewish nation, then, expanded through his son Isaac whereas Abraham's son Ishmael, through the latter's mother Hagar, became the father of  the Arabs. These happenings occurred in the land of Palestine.

The Arabs, as time went on, left with their descendents for what is now southern Jordan. 

Eventually, Isaac's descendants made up the nation of Israel ruled by King David, followed by King Solomon, with Jerusalem as their capitol city. In 586 BC, the Babylonians captured the Jewish nation and they dispersed throughout the neighboring world. 

Approximately seventy years later, numerous Jews returned to Palestine; it took until 1948 when Jews established the nation of Israel. In the meantime, their Holy Book -- the Torah, was written which is the first five books of the Bible. Psalms and Proverbs together with other Old Testament Books make up its totality. The Arabs united with Mohammed, their Prophet (570-632), whose birthplace was in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He had numerous visions as he meditated in a cave outside of Mecca. The result, along with his knowledge from trade travels in a camel caravan became  their Holy Book, the Koran. 

It is salient for teaching and learning situations to grow continuously in achievement in subject matter knowledge. For example pertaining to  Muslim beliefs, there are Sunnis who makeup 85 percent whereas Shias make up 15%. There is  continuous friction between the two groups. In Judaism, there are believers in orthodox, conservative, and modern faiths. 

Objectives chosen must consist of relevant subject matter in terms of knowledge to be obtained by pupils. Major structural ideas consisting of poignant concepts as well as generalizations which need emphasizing in teaching and learning situations. Skills objectives need to stress problem identification and finding their solutions. Inherent is critical and creative thinking.         

— Marlow Ediger, North Newton